Land-based sources of pollutants, such as sediment, nutrients, and other pollutants, are one of several factors threatening the quality of coral reef ecosystems in Hawaii. These pollutants are transported in surface water runoff and by groundwater seepage into coastal waters.
While the complex interrelationship between land-based sources of pollution, water quality, overfishing, and the health and integrity of coral reef ecosystems is not well understood, enough is known to require management policies that minimize polluted surface water runoff and prevent overfishing (Davidson et al, 2003).
Specifically, the CRLBP LAS strategy was developed to:
Hawai‘i’s local action strategy is watershed-based and incorporates traditional land and natural resource management system, known as ahupua‘a. Ahupua‘a are watershed areas that encompass water source areas in the mountains and extend offshore to include coral reefs and coastal resources.
Traditionally, each ahupua‘a contained nearly all the resources Hawaiians required for survival (Kamehameha Schools Press 1994). A collaborative planning process, with significant public input, was used to develop the overall goals, objectives and measures of success for Hawaii's LAS.The LAS focuses on demonstration projects in three priority ahupua‘a in the main Hawaiian Islands: Honolua, Maui; Kawela to Kapualei, Moloka‘i; and Hanalei, Kaua‘i. An additional project is being conducted in Maunalua Bay, O‘ahu.
To improve coastal water quality and coral ecosystem function and health by reducing land-based pollution.